Videos of sandpile identity dynamics

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White pixels represent vertices carrying zero particles, while green, blue and black pixels represent vertices carrying one, two or three particles, respectively.

Mathematical Background

For the mathematical background on the sandpile identity dynamics, please read:

Moritz Lang and Mikhail Shkolnikov (2019). Harmonic dynamics of the abelian sandpile. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (online first). DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1812015116

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